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Crystal structure of the amino acid-vitamin complex lysine pantothenatestar, open

Salunke, Dinakar M and Vijayan, Mamannamana (1984) Crystal structure of the amino acid-vitamin complex lysine pantothenatestar, open. In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects, 798 (2). pp. 175-179.

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L-Lysine d-pantothenate, a 1:1 amino acid-vitamin complex, crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21 with Image Full-size image (1K) .The structure has been solved by direct methods and refined to an R value of 0.053 for 1868 observed reflections. The zwitterionic positively charged lysine molecules in the structure assume the sterically most favourable conformation with an all-trans side chain trans to the α-carboxylate group. The pantothenate anion has a somewhat folded conformation stabilised by an intramolecular bifurcated hydrogen bond. The unlike molecules aggregate into separate alternating layers. The molecules in the lysine layers form a head-to-tail sequence parallel to the a-axis. The interactions which hold the adjacent layers together include those between the side chain amino group of lysine and the carboxylate group in the pantothenate anion. The geometry of these interactions is such that each carboxylate group is sandwiched between two amino groups in a periodic arrangement of alternating carboxylate and amino groups.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects
Publisher: Elsevier Sceince
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier Sceince.
Keywords: Amino acid-vitamin complex; Lysine-pantothenate; Crystal structure
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2010 06:07
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:47
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/23738

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