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Omega Amino Acids in Peptide Design: Incorporation into Helices

Banerjee, Arindam and Pramanik, Animesh and Bhattacharjya, Surajit and Balaram, P (1996) Omega Amino Acids in Peptide Design: Incorporation into Helices. In: Biopolymers, 39 (6). pp. 769-777.

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Incorporation of easily available achiral omega-amino acid residues into an oligopeptide results in substitution of amide bonds by polymethylene units of an aliphatic chain, thereby providing a convenient strategy for constructing a peptidomimetic. The central Gly-Gly segment of the helical octapeptide Boc-Leu-Aib- Val-Gly-Gly-Leu-Aib- Val-OMe(1) has been replaced by delta-amino-valeric acid (delta-Ava) residue in the newly designed peptide Boc-Leu-Aib- Val-d-Ava-Leu-Aib-Val-OMe(2). ‘H-nmr results clearly suggest that in the apolar solvent CDC13, the delta-Ava residue is accommodated into a folded helical conformation, stabilized by successive hydrogen bonds involving the NH groups of Va1(3), delta-Ava(4), and Leu(5). The delta-Ava residue must adopt a gauche-gauche-trans-gauche-gauche conformation along the central polymethylene unit of the aliphatic segment, a feature seen in an energy-minimized model conformation based on nmr parameters. The absence of hydrogen bonding functionalities, however, limits the elongation of the helix. In fact, in CDCl3 rhe folded conformation consists of an N-terminal helix spanning residues 1-4, followed by a Type II beta-turn at residues 5 and 6, whereas in strongly solvating media like (CD,),SO, the unfolding of the N-terminal helix results in beta-turn conformations at Leu([)-Aib(2). The Type II beta-turn at the Leu(S)-Aib(6) segment remains intact even in (CD3)2S0. CD comparisons ofpeptides 1 and 2 reveal a nonhelical spectrum for 2 in 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Biopolymers
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Keywords: Omega Amino Acids;Peptide Design;Incorporation;Helices
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2008
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:17
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/2245

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