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SecB-Mediated Protein Export Need Not Occur via Kinetic Partitioning

Krishnan, Beena and Kulothungan, Rajendra S and Patra, Ashish K and Udgaonkar, Jayant B and Varadarajan, Raghavan (2009) SecB-Mediated Protein Export Need Not Occur via Kinetic Partitioning. In: Journal of Molecular Biology, 385 (4). pp. 1243-1256.

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In Escherichia coli, the cytosolic chaperone SecB is responsible for the selective entry of a subset of precursor proteins into the Sec pathway. In vitro, SecB binds to a variety of unfolded substrates without apparent sequence specificity, but not native proteins. Selectivity has therefore been suggested to occur by kinetic partitioning of substrates between protein SecB association. Evidence for kinetic partitioning is based on earlier observations that SecB blocks the refolding of the precursor form of maltose-binding protein (preMBP)(5) and slow-folding maltose-binding protein (MBP) mutants, but not faster-folding mature wild-type MBP. In order to quantitatively validate the kinetic partitioning model, we have independently measured each of the rate constants involved in the interaction of SecB with refolding preMBP (a physiological substrate of SecB) and mature MBP. The measured rate constants correctly predict substrate folding kinetics over a wide range of SecB, MBP, and preMBP concentrations. Analysis of the data reveals that, for many substrates, kinetic partitioning is unlikely to be responsible for SecB-mediated protein export. Instead, the ability of SecB-bound substrates to continue folding while bound to SecB and their ability to interact with other components of the secretory machinery such as SecA may be key opposing determinants that inhibit and promote protein export, respectively.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Molecular Biology
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: protein translocation;folding kinetics;chaperones;maltose-binding protein.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2009 10:51
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:27
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/19183

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