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Association of CAG repeat loci on chromosome 22 with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder

Saleem, Q and Dash, D and Gandhi, C and Kishore, A and Benegal, V and Sherrin, T and Mukherjee, O and Jain, S and Brahmachari, SK (2001) Association of CAG repeat loci on chromosome 22 with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. In: Molecular Psychiatry, 6 (6). pp. 694-700.

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Chromosome 22 has, been implicated in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder in a number of linkage, association and. cytogenetic studies. Recent evidence has also implicated CAG repeat tract expansion in these diseases. In order to explore the involvement of CAG repeats on chromosome 22 in these diseases, we have created an integrated map of all CAG repeats greater than or equal to5 on this, chromosome together with microsatellite markers associated with these diseases using the recently completed nucleotide sequence of chromosome 22. Of the 52 GAG repeat loci identified in this, manner, four of the longest repeat stretches in regions previously implicated by linkage analyses were chosen for further study. Three of the four repeat containing loci, were found in the coding region with the CAG repeats coding for glutamine and were expressed In the brain. All. the loci studied showed varying degrees of polymorphism with one of the loci exhibiting two alleles, of 7 and 8 CAG repeats. The 8-repeat allele at this locus was significantly overrepresented in both schizophrenia and bipolar patient groups when compared to ethnically matched controls, while alleles at the other three loci did not show any such difference. The repeat lies within a gene which shows homology to an androgen receptor related apoptosis protein in rat. We have also identified other candidate genes in the vicinity of this locus. Our results suggest that the repeats within this gene or other genes in the vicinity of this locus are, likely to be implicated in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Molecular Psychiatry
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to Nature Publishing Group
Keywords: chromosome 22;bipolar disorder;schizophrenia;CAG repeats;anticipation;microsatellite markers
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2004
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2012 05:20
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/1856

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