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A semi-analytical model for squeeze-film damping including rarefaction in a MEMS torsion mirror with complex geometry

Pandey, Ashok Kumar and Pratap, Rudra (2008) A semi-analytical model for squeeze-film damping including rarefaction in a MEMS torsion mirror with complex geometry. In: Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 18 (10). 105003-1-105003-12.

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Official URL: http://www.iop.org/EJ/article/0960-1317/18/10/1050...


A semi-analytical approach is presented to model the effects of complicated boundary conditions and rarefaction on the squeeze-film damping dependent quality factor in a double-gimballed MEMS torsion mirror. To compute squeeze-film damping in a rectangular torsion mirror with simple boundaries, compact models derived by solving the conventional Reynolds equation with zero pressure boundary conditions on the edges of the plate are generally used. These models are not applicable if the air-gap thickness is comparable to the length of the plate. To extend the validity of the existing models in devices with large air-gap thickness and complicated boundaries, we present a procedure that requires the computation of the effective length of the structure and uses this length for the computation of damping in all flow regimes using a modified effective viscosity model. The effective length is computed by comparing the damping obtained from a numerical solution of Navier–Stokes equations with that obtained from a Reynolds-equation-based compact model. To capture the effect of rarefaction in different flow regimes, we use two different approaches: the effective viscosity approach which is valid for continuum, slip, transition and molecular flow regimes, and an approach based on the free molecular model which is valid only in a molecular flow regime. We show that the effective length obtained for complicated structures in the continuum regime may still be used to capture the rarefaction effect in the slip, transition and molecular regimes. On comparing different empirical models based on the effective viscosity approach with experimental results, we find some anomaly in the region between the molecular regime and the intrinsic regime where non-fluid damping dominates. To improve modelling in the rarified regimes, we modify the best model among the existing models by minimizing error obtained with respect to the experimental results. We find that the proposed model captures the rarefaction effect not only in the slip, transition and molecular regimes but also couples well with the non-fluid damping in the intrinsic regime and captures the transition to purely intrinsic losses.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
Publisher: Institute of Physics
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Institute of Physics.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2008 06:30
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:51
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/16326

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