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Form and dimensions of aggregates dictate cytotoxicities of Danish dementia peptides

Surolia, Ira and Sarkar, Debi Prasad and Sinha, Sharmistha (2008) Form and dimensions of aggregates dictate cytotoxicities of Danish dementia peptides. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 372 (1). pp. 62-66.

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Familial Danish dementia (FDD) is a neurodegenerative disease which results due to alterations in the BRI2 gene. The pathological symptoms of the disease are cerebral amyloidolysis, parenchymal protein deposits and neuronal degeneration. The ADan peptide is a 34 amino acid long peptide which is thought to be the major cause of amyloid deposition in brains of patients suffering from FDD. Due to the presence of two cysteine residues viz. cys5 and cys23, this peptide exists in two forms: a cyclic oxidized form where the two cysteines form a disulfide bridge and a linear reduced form where the sulphydryl groups of cysteine are free. The relationship between toxicity and structure of the reduced and oxidized forms of ADan peptides has been elucidated by a combination of biophysical and cellular toxicity assays. It is observed that the reduced peptide has a stronger lethal effect on neuronal cell lines compared to its oxidized counterparts at all stages of aggregation. Further, it is observed that the fresh reduced peptide induced greater cell death as compared to its aged counterpart.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Protein aggregation;Danish dementia;Cytotoxicity;Cell death.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2008
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:47
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/15094

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