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A Simple Analog Controller for Single-Phase Half-Bridge Rectifier

Ghosh, Rajesh and Narayanan, G (2007) A Simple Analog Controller for Single-Phase Half-Bridge Rectifier. In: IEEE Transactions On Power Electronics, 22 (1). pp. 186-198.


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A simple analog controller is proposed for the single-phase half-bridge pulsewidth modulation rectifier to maintain near unity power factor at the input and balance the voltages across each half of the dc bus. The controller works in the principle of constant-frequency current programmed control. The required gating pulses are generated by comparing the input current with a linear and bipolar carrier without sensing the input voltage. Two voltage controllers and a single reset-integrator are used to generate the carrier. All the necessary control operations are performed without using any phase locked loop, multiplier, and/or divider circuits. Resistor based sensors are used to measure the voltages across two halves of the dc bus and the input current. The controller can be fabricated as a single integrated circuit. The averaged small signal models and all the necessary design equations are provided. The condition of stability against subharmonic oscillation is analyzed. Calculation of switching and conduction losses is presented. The control concept is validated through simulation and also experimentally on an 800-W half-bridge rectifier. Experimental results are presented for ac-dc application, and also for ac-dc-ac application with both linear and nonlinear loads at two different output fundamental frequencies (50 and 60Hz).

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: IEEE Transactions On Power Electronics
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Additional Information: Copyright 2007 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Keywords: AC–DC conversion;Current mode control;Half-bridge converter; Nonlinear carrier control;One-cycle control;Power factor correction (PFC);Single-phase uninterruptible;Power supply (UPS);Transformerless UPS
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2008
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:36
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/10480

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