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Kinematics of wheeled mobile robots on uneven terrain

Chakraborty, Nilanjan and Ghosal, Ashitava (2004) Kinematics of wheeled mobile robots on uneven terrain. In: Mechanism and Machine Theory, 39 (12). pp. 1273-1287.

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This paper deals with the kinematic analysis of a wheeled mobile robot (WMR) moving on an uneven terrain. It is known in literature that a wheeled mobile robot, with a fixed length axle and wheels modeled as thin disk, will undergo slip when it negotiates an uneven terrain. In this paper, we model the wheels as a torus and propose the use of a passive joint allowing a lateral degree of freedom. Furthermore, we model the mobile robot, instantaneously, as a hybrid-parallel mechanism with the wheel-ground contact described by differential equations which take into account the geometry of the wheel, the ground and the non-holonomic constrain of no slip. We present an algorithm to solve the direct and inverse kinematics problem of the hybrid-parallel mechanism. Simulation results show that the three-wheeled WMR with torus shaped wheels and passive joints can negotiate uneven terrain without slipping. Our proposed approach presents an alternative to variable length axle approach.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords: Wheeled mobile robot;Slip free motion;Uneven terrain;Kinematic modeling of wheeled mobile robot
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Ashitava Ghosal
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:31
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/8293

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