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Pattern formation on free surfaces via plastic buckling and periodic folding

Udupa, A and Viswanathan, K and Chandrasekar, S (2020) Pattern formation on free surfaces via plastic buckling and periodic folding. In: EPL, 129 (4).

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1209/0295-5075/129/46001


Spontaneous formation of surface patterns such as folds and creases is widely observed in engineered systems, such as thin films and machined surfaces, as well as in natural systems such as floral petals and leaves. A recognized route for their formation is via surface elastic instabilities. Here we demonstrate an alternate route for their formation-plastic buckling and folding-that occurs when ductile materials are subject to large-strain (>1) deformation. Using in situ imaging of simple-shear deformation of polypropylene, we delineate the mechanics underlying formation of folds and the resulting surface morphology. The fold pattern shows a single wavelength that scales linearly with the size of the plastic zone. An analytical model predicts onset of the plastic buckling instability and characteristics of the folds. Besides obvious applications for controllably generating surface features over large areas, our results suggest a contributing mechanism for origin of surface roughness in solids. © CopyrightEPLA, 2020.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to Institute of Physics Publishing
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2020 11:33
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2020 11:33
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/65429

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