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Role of geography and climatic oscillations in governing into-India dispersal of freshwater snails of the family: Viviparidae

Sil, Maitreya and Aravind, N A and Karanth, K Praveen (2019) Role of geography and climatic oscillations in governing into-India dispersal of freshwater snails of the family: Viviparidae. In: MOLECULAR PHYLOGENETICS AND EVOLUTION, 138 . pp. 174-181.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2019.05.027

Abstract

The indian subcontinent has experienced numerous paleogeological and paleoclimatic events during the Cenozoic which shaped the biotic assembly over time in the subcontinent. The role of these events in governing the biotic exchange between Southeast Asia and Indian subregion is underexplored. We aimed to uncover the effects the collision of the Indian and Asian plate, marine transgression in the Bengal basin as well as the paleoclimatic changes in the subcontinent and adjoining regions, on the dispersal of freshwater snail family Viviparidae from Southeast Asia (SEA) to Indian subregion. Extensive sampling was carried out throughout the Indian subcontinent to capture the current diversity of the targeted lineages. Three mitochondrial and two nuclear markers were sequenced from these samples and combined with published sequences to reconstruct global phylogeny of Viviparidae. Molecular dating and ancestral range estimation were undertaken to obtain the time frame for the dispersal events. Results from these analyses were contrasted with paleoclimate and paleogeology to better understand the biogeography of Indian viviparids. Results support at least two dispersal events into India from Southeast Asia. The earlier event is likely to have occurred during a warm and humid Eocene period before a permanent land connection was established between the two landmasses. While the more recent dispersal occurred post-suturing and overlapped with a time in late Tertiary to Quaternary when arid climate prevailed. However, we could not firmly establish how the marine transgressions influenced the dispersal events. Even though most biotic exchange between India and SEA are noted to be post-suturing, our results add to a growing body of work that suggests faunal exchange pre-suturing probably mediated by intermittent land connections.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Keywords: Into-India; India-Asia collision; Aridification; Marine transgression; Viviparidae; Dispersal
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2019 08:48
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2019 08:48
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63354

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