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Interaction of vortex ring with a stratified finite thickness interface

Advaith, S and Manu, KV and Tinaikar, Aashay and Chetia, Utpal Kumar and Basu, Saptarshi (2017) Interaction of vortex ring with a stratified finite thickness interface. In: PHYSICS OF FLUIDS, 29 (9).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1063/1.4994264

Abstract

This work experimentally investigates the dynamics of interaction between a propagating vortex ring and density stratified interface of finite thickness. The flow evolution has been quantified using a high speed shadowgraph technique and particle image velocimetry. The spatial and temporal behaviours of the vortex in the near and far field of the interface and the plume structure formed due to buoyancy are investigated systematically by varying the vortex strength (Reynolds number, Re) and the degree of stratification (Atwood number, A(t)). Maximum penetration length (Lp(max)) of the vortex ring through the interface is measured over a range of Reynolds (1350 <= Re <= 4600) and Richardson (0.1 <= Ri <= 4) numbers. It is found that for low Froude number values, the maximum penetration length varies linearly with the Froude number as in the study of Orlandi et al. ''Vortex rings descending in a stratified fluid,'' Phys. Fluids 10, 2819-2827 (1998)]. However, for high Reynolds and Richardson numbers (Ri), anomalous behaviour in maximum penetration is observed. The Lp(max) value is used to characterize the vortex-interface interactions into non-penetrative, partially-penetrative, and extensively penetrative regimes. Flow visualization revealed the occurrence of short-wavelength instability of a plume structure, particularly in a partially penetrative regime. Fluid motion exhibits chaotic behaviour in an extensively penetrative regime. Detailed analyses of plume structure propagation are performed by measuring the plume length and plume rise. Appropriate scaling for the plume length and plume rise is derived, which allows universal collapse of the data for different flow conditions. Some information concerning the instability of the plume structure and decay of the vortex ring is obtained using proper orthogonal decomposition. Published by AIP Publishing.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER INST PHYSICS, 1305 WALT WHITMAN RD, STE 300, MELVILLE, NY 11747-4501 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: review EPrints Reviewer
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2018 06:13
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2018 12:55
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/58604

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