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Phase separation and physico-chemical processes at microscopic and macroscopic levels in MWCNT laden polymer blends using a unique droplet based architecture

Pathak, Binita and Kar, Goutam Prasanna and Bose, Suryasarathi and Basu, Saptarshi (2017) Phase separation and physico-chemical processes at microscopic and macroscopic levels in MWCNT laden polymer blends using a unique droplet based architecture. In: PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 19 (36). pp. 24961-24970.

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1039/c7cp03621c

Abstract

We propose a unique contact-free droplet based architecture in which thermally induced instabilities can be used to precisely alter the phase separation behavior in a dynamically asymmetric polymer blend (solution of PS/PVME in toluene) by controlling the external heating rates and concentration of added nanoparticles (multi-walled carbon nanotube particles, MWCNTs). In addition, by tuning the heating rates, distinctly different macroscopic morphologies (hollow shell or globular mass) can be obtained as a final structure in such droplets. Furthermore, the process of separation is temporally aggravated by several orders (about 3-5 orders) as compared to the traditional bulk processing techniques (thin film of blends). Faster production rate and high throughput promise a new spray-based architecture for producing phase separated structures. Addition of MWCNTs in the polymer blend delays the separation phenomenon as it interacts with the polymers and alters the stability criteria. Furthermore, addition of nanoparticles also introduces a different mode of instability at higher external heating rates. Heat accumulation due to particles causes boiling of the solvent (toluene) trapped inside the droplet which leads to subsequent explosion of the entire droplet, in addition to the phase separation phenomena (at the microscopic level). Volumetric expansion due to bubble growth leads to the formation of a unique hollow structure which is distinctly different from the globular mass obtained at lower heating rates.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY, THOMAS GRAHAM HOUSE, SCIENCE PARK, MILTON RD, CAMBRIDGE CB4 0WF, CAMBS, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2017 06:18
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2017 06:18
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/58052

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