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Asymmetric forced convection of nanofluids in a channel with symmetrically mounted rib heaters on opposite walls

Gavara, Madhusudhana (2012) Asymmetric forced convection of nanofluids in a channel with symmetrically mounted rib heaters on opposite walls. In: Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A: Applications, 62 (11). pp. 884-904.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10407782.2012.707057

Abstract

Laminar forced convection of nanofluids in a vertical channel with symmetrically mounted rib heaters on surfaces of opposite walls is numerically studied. The fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics are examined for various Reynolds numbers and nanoparticles volume fractions of water-Al2O3 nanofluid. The flow exhibits various structures with varying Reynolds number. Even though the geometry and heating is symmetric with respect to a channel vertical mid-plane, asymmetric flow and heat transfer are found for Reynolds number greater than a critical value. Introduction of nanofluids in the base fluid delays the flow solution bifurcation point, and the critical Reynolds number increases with increasing nanoparticle volume fraction. A skin friction coefficient along the solid-fluid interfaces increases and decreases sharply along the bottom and top faces of the heaters, respectively, due to sudden acceleration and deceleration of the fluid at the respective faces. The skin friction coefficient, as well as Nusselt numbers in the channel, increase with increasing volume fraction of nanoparticles.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Taylor and Francis Ltd.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2013 12:22
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2013 12:22
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/45419

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