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Characterization of substrate UpA binding to RNase A--computer modelling and energetics approach.

Seshadri , K and Rao , VS and Vishveshwara , S (1994) Characterization of substrate UpA binding to RNase A--computer modelling and energetics approach. In: Journal of biomolecular structure & dynamics, 12 (3). 581 -603 .

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In the past two decades RNase A has been the focus of diverse investigations in order to understand the nature of substrate binding and to know the mechanism of enzyme action. Although this system is reasonably well characterized from the view point of some of the binding sites, the details of interactions in the second base binding (B2) site is insufficient. Further, the nature of ligand-protein interaction is elucidated generally by studies on RNase A-substrate analog complexes (mainly with the help of X-ray crystallography). Hence, the details of interactions at atomic level arising due to substrates are inferred indirectly. In the present paper, the dinucleotide substrate UpA is fitted into the active site of RNase A Several possible substrate conformations are investigated and the binding modes have been selected based on Contact Criteria. Thus identified RNase A-UpA complexes are energy minimized in coordinate space and are analysed in terms of conformations, energetics and interactions. The best possible ligand conformations for binding to RNase A are identified by experimentally known interactions and by the energetics. Upon binding of UpA to RNase A the changes associated,with protein back bone, Side chains in general and at the binding sites in particular are described. Further, the detailed interactions between UpA and RNase A are characterized in terms of hydrogen bonds and energetics. An extensive study has helped in interpreting the diverse results obtained from a number of experiments and also in evaluating the extent of changes the protein and the substrate undergo in order to maximize their interactions.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Adenine press.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Depositing User: Ms V Mangala
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2011 04:43
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2011 04:43
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/36281

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