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A study on bullock carts. Part 2. Experimental study of forces in a bullock cart

Raghavan, MR and Rao, DL Prasanna (1979) A study on bullock carts. Part 2. Experimental study of forces in a bullock cart. In: Sadhana, 2 (4). pp. 451-471.

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A strain gauge load cell with separate bridges for measurement of the pull and the bending moment in the plane containing the net neck load and pull was developed and fixed in the longitudinal member of an experimental cart. A cart fitted first with pneumatic wheels and then with steel-rimmed wooden wheels was tested on three terrains—tar road, mud road and grassy terrain. Pull vs time and moment vs time records were obtained in each test and analysed. It is found that the bullocks pull the cart rather discontinuously at the low velocities at which these carts normally operate. On the tar road and the grassy terrain, the mean static coefficient of friction is significantly higher for the cart with steelrimmed wooden wheels. The dynamic frictional resistance of the terrain for the cart with steel-rimmed wooden wheels is lower than for the cart with pneumatic wheels so long as the wheels do not dig or sink into the terrain. The fluctuation in the neck load is lower in the cart fitted with pneumatic wheels. Also, the ground-induced low-amplitude high-frequency vibratory load content in the neck load is lower in the cart with pneumatic wheels.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer India, in co-publication with Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords: Bullock cart - experimental cart - measurement - strain gauge load cell - calibration - frictional resistance
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: pallab
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2010 05:05
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:39
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/21993

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