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Geotechnical properties of stabilised Indian red earth

Sivapullaiah, PV and Kantha, Lakshmi H and Kiran, Madhu K (2003) Geotechnical properties of stabilised Indian red earth. In: Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, 21 (4). pp. 399-413.

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Locally available soils amended with sufficient bentonite are generally used for construction of liners for water and waste retention facilities. The amount of bentonite required to keep the hydraulic conductivity low varies with the nature of the local soil. Many studies have shown that bentonite content higher than 20% by weight is not usually required. This is also the case with Indian red earth containing predominantly quartz and kaolinite minerals. Incorporating bentonite, though keeps the hydraulic conductivity of soil low, increases the swelling and shrinkage potential; increases the loss of strength due to reduction in cohesion. This paper aims to improve the geotechnical properties of red earth and bentonite mixture with lime or cement. The studies reveal that the geotechnical properties of red earth with 20% by weight bentonite stabilised with 1% by weight of lime or cement are greatly enhanced, particularly after curing for 28 days. it has been shown that the early gain in strength is better with cement whereas its long-term strength gain is better with lime.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Geotechnical and Geological Engineering
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer Netherlands.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:34
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/9670

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