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Boundary layer development on a continuous moving surface with a parallel free stream due to impulsive motion

Kumari, M and Nath, G (1996) Boundary layer development on a continuous moving surface with a parallel free stream due to impulsive motion. In: Heat and Mass Transfer, 31 (4). pp. 283-289.

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The development of the momentum and thermal boundary layers over a semi-infinite flat plate has been studied when the external stream as well as the plate are impulsively moved with constant velocities. At the same time the temperature of the wall is suddenly raised from $T_\infty$, the temperature of the surrounding fluid, to $T_w$ and maintained at this temperature. The problem has been formulated in a new system of scaled coordinates such that for $t^\ast=0$ it reduces to Rayleigh type of equation and for $t^\ast\rightarrow \infty$ reduces to Blasius or Sakiadis type of equation. A new scale of time has been used which reduces the region of integration from an infinite region to a finite region which reduces the computational time considerably. The governing singular parabolic partial differential equations have been solved numerically using an implicit finite difference scheme. For some particular cases, analytical solutions have been obtained. The results show that there is a smooth transition from Rayleigh solution to Blasius or Sakiadis solution as the dimensionless time $\xi$ increases from zero to one. The shear stress at the wall is negative for the friction parameter $\lambda<0.5$, positive for $\lambda<0.5$ and zero for $\lambda<0.5$. The zero shear stress at the wall does not imply separation but corresponds to the parallel flow. The surface heat transfer is strongly dependent on the Prandtl number Pr and increases with it. Also for $Pr<Pr_0$, the surface heat transfer is enhanced as the friction parameter j increases, but for $Pr>Pr_0$ it get reduced.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Heat and Mass Transfer
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Mathematics
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:34
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/9598

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