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Formation and coarsening of a nanodispersed microstructure in melt spun Al–Ni–Zr alloy

Srinivasan, Dheepa and Chattopadhyay, K (1998) Formation and coarsening of a nanodispersed microstructure in melt spun Al–Ni–Zr alloy. In: Materials Science and Engineering A, 255 (1-2). pp. 107-116.

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The paper reports a detailed investigation on the microstructure evolution during rapid solidification and subsequent heat treatment of an $Al_{89}Ni_{10}Zr_1$ alloy and evaluates the role of Zr in the phase selection and the stability of the microstructure. It is shown that the as solidified alloy consists of grains of aluminium solid solution containing fine nickel rich clusters having an $Al_3Ni$ crystal structure. Low temperature heat treatments lead to further development of these $Al_3Ni$ particles yielding a uniform nanodispersed microstructure. The dispersed phase does not have any orientation relationship with the matrix. The composite displays very high hardness values $(\sim 5 GPa)$. At higher temperatures, the super saturated solid solution precipitated a metastable $(Al_3Zr)$ phase, less than 5 nm in size, which was found to be very stable to coarsening even up to 425°C. The $Al_3Zr$ also precipitated inside the $Al_3Ni$ phase indicating the partition of Zr in both the phases. However, it coarsened at a higher rate inside this phase. The presence of $Al_3Zr$ was also found to be effective in resisting coarsening of the matrix grains (Al), due to the imilarities in structure and lattice constants between Al and $Al_3Zr$. To bring out the effect produced by the added Zr, a binary counterpart was studied. Zr was found to have an effect equivalent to that produced due to a higher quench.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Materials Science and Engineering A
Publisher: Elsevier
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: Metastable Al3Ni;Nanodispersed microstructure;Zr
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:34
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/9428

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