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Microstructure evolution during multidirectional solidification of Al-Cu-SiC composites

Dutta, B and Surappa, MK (1998) Microstructure evolution during multidirectional solidification of Al-Cu-SiC composites. In: Composites Part A, 29A (5-6). pp. 565-573.

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The present investigation is aimed at understanding the solidification behaviour of Al-Cu-Sic, composites under multidirectional solidification conditions. Macro- and microstructures of composites solidified using small and large size moulds have been studied. It was observed that an increase in particle volume fraction and/or an increase in cooling rate reduced the extent of macrosegregation of reinforcements in the composites. In the case of composites solidified in large size permanent moulds, the differential cooling rate along the transverse direction led to the formation of a conical-shaped particle-depleted zone in the bottom part of the casting. Columnar grains were observed in the particle-depleted zone, while the particle- ontaining region exhibited equiaxed grain morphology. Sic particles did not facilitate heterogeneous nucleation of matrix phases. In the absence of convection, Sic particles promoted grain refinement in the matrix. However, when there was a significant amount of convection, the presence of Sic particles led to a coarser grain structure. Matrix dendrite arm spacing (DAS) was not significantly altered by the presence of Sic particles.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Composites Part A
Publisher: Elsevier
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: Metal matrix composites(MMCs);Microstructure solidification
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:34
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/9388

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