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Optical nonlinearities in symmetric cyanine dyes and related systems

Albert, IDL and Das, PK and Ramasesha, S (1993) Optical nonlinearities in symmetric cyanine dyes and related systems. In: Journal of the Optical Society of America B, 10 (8). pp. 1365-1371.

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First- and third-order dynamic polarizabilities and hyperpolarizabilities of aza-cyanine and symmetric cyanine dyes have been computed exactly within the correlated Pariser-Parr-Pople model defined over the $\pi$ framework.The exact nonlinearities of the model have been compared with those of polyenic systems. It is found that for the same chain length the cyanine dyes have the largest linear $(\alpha_{ij})$ and third-order nonlinear $(\gamma_{ijkl})$ coefficients among the carbon backbone systems. Azacyanine dyes have intermediate polarizabilities, and the polymethineimines have the lowest. This is explained by the presence of terminal nitrogen-atom conjugation in the cyanine dyes, resulting in the lowering of optical gaps, which in turn brings the system close to resonance and results in larger linear and nonlinear coefficients. Chain length and frequency dependencies of $\alpha\ and $\hspace{3}$ $\gamma\ of these systems are also reported.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of the Optical Society of America B
Publisher: Optical Society of America
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Optical Society of America.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2006
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2008 12:22
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/8565

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