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Computational Kerr ellipsometry: Quantifying broadband optical nonreciprocity of magneto-optic materials

Choudhury, V and Khandekar, C and Boddeti, AK and Jishi, A and Erkovan, M and Sentz, T and Kalhor, F and Cardoso, S and Supradeepa, VR and Jacob, Z (2024) Computational Kerr ellipsometry: Quantifying broadband optical nonreciprocity of magneto-optic materials. In: Physical Review B, 109 (5).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.109.054433


Characterizing the optical response of magneto-optic and magnetic materials usually relies on semiclassical models (e.g., Lorentz oscillator model) involving few parameters or models based on a detailed quantum mechanical description of the underlying response. These models typically involve a few parameters that are estimated via fitting the experimental data to provide a qualitative understanding of the underlying physics. Such a few-parameters fitting approach falls short of accurately capturing all elements of the complex-valued permittivity tensor across a range of wavelengths. Accurate characterization of the permittivity tensor elements across a broad range of wavelengths is invariably imperative for designing optical elements such as isolators, circulators, etc. Here, we propose and demonstrate a ubiquitous and accessible method based on a combination of spectroscopic ellipsometry and spectroscopic magneto-optic Kerr effect (MOKE) measurements coupled with rigorous numerical parameter extraction techniques. To this end, we use the combined MOKE ellipsometry measurements conducted at different angles of incidence with a gradient-descent minimization algorithm to provide the inverse solution to the complete dielectric permittivity tensor. Further, we demonstrate model reverification to ensure the estimated dielectric permittivity values reliably predict the measured experimental data. Our method is a simplified bench-top counterpart to the otherwise complex measurement systems. © 2024 American Physical Society.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Physical Review B
Publisher: American Physical Society
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Authors.
Keywords: Gradient methods; Inverse problems; Magnetic materials; Numerical methods; Parameter estimation; Permittivity; Quantum theory; Tensors, Dielectric permittivities; Lorentz oscillator model; Magneto-optic materials; Model-based OPC; Nonreciprocity; Optical response; Optical-; Permittivity tensors; Quantum mechanical; Semiclassical model, Spectroscopic ellipsometry
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2024 08:28
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2024 08:28
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/84700

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