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Selective Photonic Gasification of Strained Oxygen Clusters on Graphene for Tuning Pore Size in the à Regime

Bondaz, L and Ronghe, A and Li, S and �er�evi�s, K and Hao, J and Yazyev, OV and Ayappa, KG and Agrawal, KV (2023) Selective Photonic Gasification of Strained Oxygen Clusters on Graphene for Tuning Pore Size in the à Regime. In: JACS Au .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/jacsau.3c00395


Controlling the size of single-digit pores, such as those in graphene, with an à resolution has been challenging due to the limited understanding of pore evolution at the atomic scale. The controlled oxidation of graphene has led to à -scale pores; however, obtaining a fine control over pore evolution from the pore precursor (i.e., the oxygen cluster) is very attractive. Herein, we introduce a novel �control knob� for gasifying clusters to form pores. We show that the cluster evolves into a core/shell structure composed of an epoxy group surrounding an ether core in a bid to reduce the lattice strain at the cluster core. We then selectively gasified the strained core by exposing it to 3.2 eV of light at room temperature. This allowed for pore formation with improved control compared to thermal gasification. This is because, for the latter, cluster-cluster coalescence via thermally promoted epoxy diffusion cannot be ruled out. Using the oxidation temperature as a control knob, we were able to systematically increase the pore density while maintaining a narrow size distribution. This allowed us to increase H2 permeance as well as H2 selectivity. We further show that these pores could differentiate CH4 from N2, which is considered to be a challenging separation. Dedicated molecular dynamics simulations and potential of mean force calculations revealed that the free energy barrier for CH4 translocation through the pores was lower than that for N2. Overall, this study will inspire research on the controlled manipulation of clusters for improved precision in incorporating à -scale pores in graphene. © 2023 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: JACS Au
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to author.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2024 09:48
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2024 09:48
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/84396

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