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One Hundred Years of the Fischer�Tropsch Reaction: Converting Coal to Gasoline via Synthesis Gas

Hazra, S and Elias, AJ (2023) One Hundred Years of the Fischer�Tropsch Reaction: Converting Coal to Gasoline via Synthesis Gas. In: Resonance, 28 (12). pp. 1875-1889.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12045-023-1725-y


Fuels for automobiles and feedstocks for chemical industries are conventionally manufactured by refining petroleum. However, gasoline or diesel has also been produced synthetically from various carbon-bearing feedstocks such as coal or biomass. The pioneering technology for realizing synthetic fuels is the Fischer�Tropsch (FT) process, which was developed during 1923�1925 in Germany. Today, the major FT technology users, which include international oil companies such as Shell, ExxonMobil and Sasol, perceive that synthetic fuels prepared from synthesis gas, (CO + H2) will be a possible option as future alternative fuels. The chemistry and history of the development of the FT process, its industrial implementation over the years and its relevance for the future are discussed in this article. We have also given a general overview of the catalysts used for FT technology and mechanistic details proposed over the years and related processes. © 2023, Indian Academy of Sciences.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Resonance
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Springer.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2024 09:03
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2024 09:03
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/84215

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