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Propagation of a curved weak shock

Monica, A and Prasad, Phoolan (2001) Propagation of a curved weak shock. In: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 434 . pp. 119-151.


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Propagation of a curved shock is governed by a system of shock ray equations which is coupled to an innite system of transport equations along these rays. For a twodimensional weak shock, it has been suggested that this system can be approximated by a hyperbolic system of four partial dierential equations in a ray coordinate system, which consists of two independent variables $(\xi,t)$ where the curves t = constant give successive positions of the shock and $\xi$= constant give rays. The equations show that shock rays not only stretch longitudinally due to nite amplitude on a shock front but also turn due to a non-uniform distribution of the shock strength on it. These changes nally lead to a modication of the amplitude of the shock strength. Since discontinuities in the form of kinks appear on the shock, it is necessary to study the problem by using the correct conservation form of these equations. We use such a system of equations in conservation form to construct a total-variation-bounded nite dierence scheme. The numerical solution captures converging shock fronts with a pair of kinks on them - the shock front emerges without the usual folds in the caustic region. The shock strength, even when the shock passes through the caustic region, remains so small that the small-amplitude theory remains valid. The shock strength ultimately decays with a well-dened geometrical shape of the shock front - a pair of kinks which separate a central disc from a pair of wings on the two sides. We also study the ultimate shape and decay of shocks of initially periodic shapes and plane shocks with a dent and a bulge.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Fluid Mechanics
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Cambridge University Press.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Mathematics
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2006
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:31
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/8391

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