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Ecological filtering shapes the impacts of agricultural deforestation on biodiversity

Hua, F and Wang, W and Nakagawa, S and Liu, S and Miao, X and Yu, L and Du, Z and Abrahamczyk, S and Arias-Sosa, LA and Buda, K and Budka, M and Carrière, SM and Chandler, RB and Chiatante, G and Chiawo, DO and Cresswell, W and Echeverri, A and Goodale, E and Huang, G and Hulme, MF and Hutto, RL and Imboma, TS and Jarrett, C and Jiang, Z and Kati, VI and King, DI and Kmecl, P and Li, N and Lövei, GL and Macchi, L and MacGregor-Fors, I and Martin, EA and Mira, A and Morelli, F and Ortega-�lvarez, R and Quan, R-C and Salgueiro, PA and Santos, SM and Shahabuddin, G and Socolar, JB and Soh, MCK and Sreekar, R and Srinivasan, U and Wilcove, DS and Yamaura, Y and Zhou, L and Elsen, PR (2024) Ecological filtering shapes the impacts of agricultural deforestation on biodiversity. In: Nature Ecology and Evolution .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-023-02280-w


The biodiversity impacts of agricultural deforestation vary widely across regions. Previous efforts to explain this variation have focused exclusively on the landscape features and management regimes of agricultural systems, neglecting the potentially critical role of ecological filtering in shaping deforestation tolerance of extant species assemblages at large geographical scales via selection for functional traits. Here we provide a large-scale test of this role using a global database of species abundance ratios between matched agricultural and native forest sites that comprises 71 avian assemblages reported in 44 primary studies, and a companion database of 10 functional traits for all 2,647 species involved. Using meta-analytic, phylogenetic and multivariate methods, we show that beyond agricultural features, filtering by the extent of natural environmental variability and the severity of historical anthropogenic deforestation shapes the varying deforestation impacts across species assemblages. For assemblages under greater environmental variability�proxied by drier and more seasonal climates under a greater disturbance regime�and longer deforestation histories, filtering has attenuated the negative impacts of current deforestation by selecting for functional traits linked to stronger deforestation tolerance. Our study provides a previously largely missing piece of knowledge in understanding and managing the biodiversity consequences of deforestation by agricultural deforestation. © 2024, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Nature Ecology and Evolution
Publisher: Nature Research
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Nature Research.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Date Deposited: 29 Feb 2024 09:07
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2024 09:07
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/83854

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