ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Survival probabilities and first-passage distributions of self-propelled particles in spherical cavities

Cherayil, BJ (2023) Survival probabilities and first-passage distributions of self-propelled particles in spherical cavities. In: Physical Review E, 108 (5).

[img] PDF
Phy_rev_e_108_5_2023.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (867kB) | Request a copy
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.108.054607


A model of self-propelled motion in a closed compartment containing simple or complex fluids is formulated in this paper in terms of the dynamics of a point particle moving in a spherical cavity under the action of random thermal forces and exponentially correlated noise. The particle's time evolution is governed by a generalized Langevin equation (GLE) in which the memory function, connected to the thermal forces by a fluctuation-dissipation relation, is described by Jeffrey's model of viscoelasticity (which reduces to a model of ordinary viscous dynamics in a suitable limit). The GLE is transformed exactly to a Fokker-Planck equation that in spherical polar coordinates is in turn found to admit of an exact solution for the particle's probability density function under absorbing boundary conditions at the surface of the sphere. The solution is used to derive an expression (that is also exact) for the survival probability of the particle in the sphere, starting from its center, which is then used to calculate the distribution of the particle's first-passage times to the boundary. The behavior of these quantities is investigated as a function of the Péclet number and the persistence time of the athermal forces, providing insight into the effects of nonequilibrium fluctuations on confined particle motion in three dimensions. © 2023 American Physical Society.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Physical Review E
Publisher: American Physical Society
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to American Physical Society.
Keywords: Boundary conditions; Fokker Planck equation; Probability density function; Probability distributions; Viscoelasticity, Complex fluids; First-passage; Generalized Langevin equation; Point-particles; Self-propelled motion; Self-propelled particles; Simple fluids; Spherical cavities; Survival probabilities; Thermal forces, Spheres
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2024 05:34
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2024 05:34
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/83798

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item