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Deficiency of ligase IV leads to reduced NHEJ, accumulation of DNA damage, and can sensitize cells to cancer therapeutics

Kumari, N and Antil, H and Kumari, S and Raghavan, SC (2023) Deficiency of ligase IV leads to reduced NHEJ, accumulation of DNA damage, and can sensitize cells to cancer therapeutics. In: Genomics, 115 (6).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygeno.2023.110731


Ligase IV is a key enzyme involved during DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) repair through nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ). However, in contrast to Ligase IV deficient mouse cells, which are embryonic lethal, Ligase IV deficient human cells, including pre-B cells, are viable. Using CRISPR-Cas9 mediated genome editing, we have generated six different LIG4 mutants in cervical cancer and normal kidney epithelial cell lines. While the LIG4 mutant cells showed a significant reduction in NHEJ, joining mediated through microhomology-mediated end joining (MMEJ) and homologous recombination (HR) were significantly high. The reduced NHEJ joining activity was restored by adding purified Ligase IV/XRCC4. Accumulation of DSBs and reduced cell viability were observed in LIG4 mutant cells. LIG4 mutant cells exhibited enhanced sensitivity towards DSB-inducing agents such as ionizing radiation (IR) and etoposide. More importantly, the LIG4 mutant of cervical cancer cells showed increased sensitivity towards FDA approved drugs such as Carboplatin, Cisplatin, Paclitaxel, Doxorubicin, and Bleomycin used for cervical cancer treatment. These drugs, in combination with IR showed enhanced cancer cell death in the background of LIG4 gene mutation. Thus, our study reveals that mutation in LIG4 results in compromised NHEJ, leading to sensitization of cervical cancer cells towards currently used cancer therapeutics.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Genomics
Publisher: Academic Press Inc.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to author.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2024 13:12
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2024 13:12
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/83675

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