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Ultrasensitive Pressure Sensor Based on an Integrated Circular Piezoelectric MEMS Resonator and Diaphragm Structure

Kumar, P and Sahana, D and Chandrashekar, LN and Jeyaseelan, A and Nayak, MM and Pratap, R and Pillai, G (2023) Ultrasensitive Pressure Sensor Based on an Integrated Circular Piezoelectric MEMS Resonator and Diaphragm Structure. In: IEEE Sensors Letters, 7 (12). pp. 1-4.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/LSENS.2023.3326127


In this letter, we report an ultrasensitive pressure sensor based on an integrated circular piezoelectric microelectromechanical resonator and stainless-steel diaphragm structure. Finite-element analysis is conducted to validate the working principle of the sensor, identify modes with high-pressure sensitivity, and estimate the resonance frequency drift. The sensor operates on the principle of frequency shift caused by the coupling between the applied pressure and stress of the resonator. The high electromechanical coupling coefficient of lead zirconate titanate facilitates seamless transduction between the physical domains of interest. The sensitivity of the sensor is 31 711 and 14 600 ppm/bar for the first and second flexural modes with nonlinearity of 2.2 full scale (FS) and 0.84 FS, respectively, in the operating range of 0-5 bar at room temperature. The sensor exhibits excellent repeatability for multiple bidirectional pressure sweep. The proof of concept demonstrated in this letter will enable miniaturization and batch fabrication of pressure sensors with high sensitivity and bandwidth of operation. © 2017 IEEE.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: IEEE Sensors Letters
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Keywords: Diaphragms; Electromechanical coupling; Ferroelectric ceramics; Finite element method; Lead zirconate titanate; MEMS; Natural frequencies; Piezoelectricity; Resonators, MEMS resonators; Microelectromechanical resonators; Micromechanical device; Mode; Piezoelectric; Piezoelectric MEMS; Piezoelectric resonators; Resonant pressure sensors; Sensitivity; Ultrasensitive, Pressure sensors
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2024 12:47
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2024 12:47
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/83655

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