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Biodiesel from Biomass: Production of Sustainable Biodiesel Fuel

Kaur, PJ and Sharma, PK and Chaturvedi, S (2023) Biodiesel from Biomass: Production of Sustainable Biodiesel Fuel. [Book Chapter]

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-7481-6_10


Conventional energy sources are limited and expected to deplete soon, so natural alternative sustainable and safer sources for the environment have to be explored. Researchers have studied various biomass sources to produce solid, liquid, and gaseous fuels. Different treatment processes like physical, chemical, and enzymatic can produce valuable alternative fuels like biodiesel. The quality and yield of the products depend on the type of reactor, reaction conditions (temperature, pressure, holding time), and particle size of feed. Homogenous base catalysts (like sodium hydroxide), homogenous acid catalysts (like hydrochloric acid), heterogeneous base catalysts (like rice husk), heterogeneous acid catalysts (like zirconia), and biocatalyst like lipase can help to improve the selectivity and energy efficiency of the biofuel production process. Recent trends show the potential of nanocatalysts to enhance the biofuel production capacity. The present chapter discusses various feed sources, treatment processes, and catalysts to produce biodiesel fuel with properties comparable to conventional diesel fuel. Emphasis has been given to the different classifications of catalysts and a comparison between their ability to improve biofuel production. Furthermore, the chapter explores prospects and challenges in developing biodiesel as an alternative energy source. © The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2023.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Publication: Biorefinery: A Sustainable Approach for the Production of Biomaterials, Biochemicals and Biofuels
Publisher: Springer Nature
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Springer Nature.
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Society and Policy (formerly: Centre for Contemporary Studies)
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2024 09:18
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2024 09:18
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/83563

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