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Piezoelectric nanogenerators for self-powered wearable and implantable bioelectronic devices

Das, KK and Basu, B and Maiti, P and Dubey, AK (2023) Piezoelectric nanogenerators for self-powered wearable and implantable bioelectronic devices. In: Acta Biomaterialia, 171 . pp. 85-113.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2023.08.057


One of the recent innovations in the field of personalized healthcare is the piezoelectric nanogenerators (PENGs) for various clinical applications, including self-powered sensors, drug delivery, tissue regeneration etc. Such innovations are perceived to potentially address some of the unmet clinical needs, e.g., limited life-span of implantable biomedical devices (e.g., pacemaker) and replacement related complications. To this end, the generation of green energy from biomechanical sources for wearable and implantable bioelectronic devices gained considerable attention in the scientific community. In this perspective, this article provides a comprehensive state-of-the-art review on the recent developments in the processing, applications and associated concerns of piezoelectric materials (synthetic/biological) for personalized healthcare applications. In particular, this review briefly discusses the concepts of piezoelectric energy harvesting, piezoelectric materials (ceramics, polymers, nature-inspired), and the various applications of piezoelectric nanogenerators, such as, self-powered sensors, self-powered pacemakers, deep brain stimulators etc. Important distinction has been made in terms of the potential clinical applications of PENGs, either as wearable or implantable bioelectronic devices. While discussing the potential applications as implantable devices, the biocompatibility of the several hybrid devices using large animal models is summarized. This review closes with the futuristic vision of integrating data science approaches in developmental pipeline of PENGs as well as clinical translation of the next generation PENGs. Statement of significance: Piezoelectric nanogenerators (PENGs) hold great promise for transforming personalized healthcare through self-powered sensors, drug delivery systems, and tissue regeneration. The limited battery life of implantable devices like pacemakers presents a significant challenge, leading to complications from repititive surgeries. To address such a critical issue, researchers are focusing on generating green energy from biomechanical sources to power wearable and implantable bioelectronic devices. This comprehensive review critically examines the latest advancements in synthetic and nature-inspired piezoelectric materials for PENGs in personalized healthcare. Moreover, it discusses the potential of piezoelectric materials and data science approaches to enhance the efficiency and reliability of personalized healthcare devices for clinical applications. © 2023 Acta Materialia Inc.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Acta Biomaterialia
Publisher: Acta Materialia Inc
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the author.
Keywords: Biocompatibility; Biomechanics; Biomimetics; Controlled drug delivery; Crystallography; Nanogenerators; Piezoelectric devices; Piezoelectric materials; Targeted drug delivery; Tissue; Tissue regeneration, Bioelectronic device; Ceramic; Clinical application; Green energy; Implantable devices; Nature-inspired; Personalized healthcare; Piezoelectric nanogenerator; Self-powered, Piezoelectricity
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2023 10:03
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2023 10:03
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/83548

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