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Dynamics of a single-strain and two-strain respiratory infection driven by travel on a metapopulation network

Ghosh, I and Nadim, SS and Raha, S and Pal, D (2023) Dynamics of a single-strain and two-strain respiratory infection driven by travel on a metapopulation network. In: Nonlinear Dynamics, 111 (22). pp. 21371-21389.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11071-023-08952-3


We formulate a compartmental model for the propagation of a respiratory disease in a patchy environment. The patches are connected through the mobility of individuals, and we assume that disease transmission as well as recovery are possible during travel. Moreover, the migration terms are assumed to depend on the distance between patches and the perceived severity of the disease. The positivity and boundedness of the model solutions are discussed. We analytically show the existence and global asymptotic stability of the disease-free equilibrium. We study three different network topologies numerically and find that underlying network structure is crucial for disease transmission. Further numerical simulations reveal that infection during travel has the potential to change the stability of disease-free equilibrium from stable to unstable. The coupling strength and transmission coefficients are also very crucial in disease propagation. Different exit screening scenarios indicate that the origin patch may have adverse effects but other patches will be benefited from exit screening. Furthermore, we modify the model to incorporate emergence of a second strain. Numerical simulations indicate that two co-circulating strains will not persist simultaneously in the community but only one of the strains may persist in the long run. Transmission coefficients corresponding to the second strain are very crucial and show threshold like behavior with respect to the equilibrium density of the second strain. © 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Nonlinear Dynamics
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media B.V.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Springer Science and Business Media B.V.
Keywords: Diagnosis; Numerical models; Transmissions, Boundedness; Compartmental modelling; Disease transmission; Disease-free equilibrium; Epidemic modeling; Infection during travel; Metapopulation networks; Metapopulations; Stability analyze; Transmission coefficients, Strain
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Computational and Data Sciences
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2023 09:19
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2023 09:19
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/83474

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