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Ecohydrological Footprint and Climate Trends in Lotic Ecosystems of Central Western Ghats

Ramachandra, TV and Shivamurthy, V (2023) Ecohydrological Footprint and Climate Trends in Lotic Ecosystems of Central Western Ghats. In: Water (Switzerland), 15 (18).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/w15183169


An ecohydrological assessment of lotic ecosystems would provide insights into understanding the symbiotic interactions of hydrological and ecological processes for sustainable catchment management to ensure water security and achieve sustainable development goals (SDG). Global monitoring reveals changing climate patterns due to the unabated anthropogenic activities altering the ecohydrological behavior of waterscapes and thus affecting the sustenance of natural resources. The current research investigates the ecohydrological footprint using a modified water balance method by accounting for climatic and land-use trends across three river catchments in the northern portion of the Central Western Ghats. Assessment of landscape dynamics using temporal remote sensing data indicates the reduction in forest cover in Mahadayi, Ghataprabha, and Malaprabha river basins with increased anthropogenic activities. Evaluation of climate trends shows rising temperatures over 0.4 °C in the last century with increasing rainfall. The consequence of enhanced rainfall is increased overland flows to the extent of 35�80 in all river basins. Water availability in streams during all seasons is evident in the catchment dominated by native forest cover, while streams are intermittent and seasonal at the transition zone and plains. Analyses of temperature and rainfall in the last century indicate higher spatial variations directly influencing surface and subsurface hydrology. The reduced native forest cover has directly affected the variations in the local temperatures and precipitation patterns. This highlights the need for maintaining the ecological integrity of watersheds with native vegetation cover for sustaining the natural resources (water, etc.) that support the livelihood of farmers with socio-economic benefits. © 2023 by the authors.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Water (Switzerland)
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Authors.
Keywords: Catchments; Climate change; Economics; Ecosystems; Forestry; Land use; Remote sensing; Rivers; Runoff; Sustainable development; Watersheds, Blue water; Blue water demand; Change patterns; Climate trends; Climatic change pattern; Climatic changes; Ecohydrological footprint; Forest cover; Sustainable development goal; Water demand, Rain, climate change; forest cover; livelihood; remote sensing; Sustainable Development Goal; transition zone; vegetation cover; water budget; water footprint, India; Western Ghats
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Center for Infrastructure, Sustainable Transportation and Urban Planning (CiSTUP)
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA)
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2023 09:28
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2023 09:28
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/83435

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