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Thermo-sensitive electrical parameters of high-power IGBTs based on gate-emitter voltage measurement during switching delay intervals

Das, SC and Narayanan, G (2023) Thermo-sensitive electrical parameters of high-power IGBTs based on gate-emitter voltage measurement during switching delay intervals. In: Microelectronics Reliability, 151 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microrel.2023.115258


High-power insulated gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs) are widely used for wind power conversion and electric traction. Accurate estimation of IGBT junction temperature and active thermal control improve the reliability of power converters in such applications. Among the various available methods for junction temperature estimation, thermo-sensitive electrical parameter (TSEP) based estimation is simple, fast and amenable to real-time implementation. Evaluation of many TSEPs (e.g. forward voltage, threshold voltage, peak dv/dt, peak di/dt etc.) require measurement of multiple electrical quantities in the power circuit and/or in the gate-drive circuit. The measurement systems need to have high precision and/or high bandwidth as well. Moreover, the quantities in the power circuit require isolated measurement systems. This paper explores possible new TSEPs, that could be obtained through a single measurement of low-voltage quantity, namely, the gate-emitter voltage. Since the gate-emitter voltage varies primarily during turn-on and turn-off delay intervals, these switching intervals and their parameters are studied over a wide range of operating conditions. Since many practical converters are expected to operate at an ambient temperature as low as �35 °C, the experimental study is carried out over a wide temperature range from �35 °C to 125 °C. Further, to ensure wider applicability of the findings of the study, four IGBTs of different makes are considered for the experimental investigations. The experimental results bring out four different parameters pertaining to turn-on delay and another four parameters pertaining to turn-off delay, which are potential TSEPs. Of these eight TSEPs, five of them can be evaluated based on measurement of gate-emitter voltage only, and four of these have not been reported in the literature previously. In addition, the experimental data are useful for development of temperature-sensitive device models for simulation, performance assessment and design of gate-drive circuit for different temperatures, and for temperature-sensitive compensation of inverter dead-time effect. © 2023 Elsevier Ltd

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Microelectronics Reliability
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords: Digital storage; Electric inverters; Electric network parameters; Insulated gate bipolar transistors (IGBT); Parameter estimation; Real time control; Threshold voltage; Wind power, Electrical parameter; Emitter voltage; Gate-emitter voltage; Insulated-gate bipolar transistor; Insulatedgate bipolar transistor (IGBTs); Junction temperatures; Switching delay; Switching delay interval; Thermo sensitive; Thermo-sensitive electrical parameter; Voltage source inverter; Voltage-source inverter, Junction temperature
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2023 04:14
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2023 04:14
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/83348

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