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Unveiling the origin, fate, and remedial approaches for surfactants in sewage-fed foaming urban (Bellandur) Lake

Das, R and Hoysall, C and Rao, L (2023) Unveiling the origin, fate, and remedial approaches for surfactants in sewage-fed foaming urban (Bellandur) Lake. In: Environmental Pollution, 339 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2023.122773


Foam formation in surface water bodies has become a global phenomenon, but the solutions to this crisis are often insufficient. Foam formation in water bodies is attributed to surfactants and requires a comprehensive assessment of various sources of surfactants to evolve mitigation strategies. The study is focused on thoroughly analyzing surfactants in the water and foam fractions of a large waterbody in Bangalore (India) spanning around 1000 acres (400 ha), which has been foaming for two decades. Results revealed that the key surfactants originate predominantly from anthropogenic sources with a small component emerging from naturogenic sources. Anthropogenic surfactants were found to be predominant (96.5%), with linear alkylbenzene sulphonates (LAS) of various C-chain lengths 12–20 being the most prevalent. Naturogenic surfactants derived from bacterial genera Pseudomonas exhibited significant microbial diversity, accounting for over 19% of total bacterial population in both the water and organic sediments of the lake. Modelling studies and field validation efforts were carried out to understand the fate of LAS in the foaming lake. The results indicated that these surfactants donot degrade under the prevailing conditions and timeframe as wastewater traverses through the lake, and their presence was also observed in the organic sludge sediment. Modeling the underlying processes revealed that a minimum dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration of 3.5 mg/l enables the degradation of over 90% of surfactants within the residence time of 8–10 days in Lake. Additionally, the process of desludging could contribute to an additional increase to the overall efficiency of surfactant removal, simultaneously removing legacy sorbed surfactants to sediments. © 2023 Elsevier Ltd

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Environmental Pollution
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier Ltd.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA)
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2023 10:36
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2023 10:36
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/83336

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