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Transverse Spin in QCD. I. Canonical Structure

Harindranath, A and Mukherjee, Asmita and Ratabole, Raghunath (2000) Transverse Spin in QCD. I. Canonical Structure. [Preprint]


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In this work we initiate a systematic investigation of the spin of a composite system in an arbitrary reference frame in QCD. After a brief review of the difficulties one encounters in equal-time quantization, we turn to light-front quantization. We show that, in spite of the complexities, light-front field theory offers a unique opportunity to address the issue of relativistic spin operators in an arbitrary reference frame since boost is kinematical in this formulation. Utilizing this symmetry, we show how to introduce transverse spin operators for massless particles in an arbitrary reference frame in analogy with those for massive particles. Starting from the manifestly gauge invariant, symmetric energy momentum tensor in QCD, we derive expressions for the interaction dependent transverse spin operators ${\cal J}^i$ ($i=1,2$) which are responsible for the helicity flip of the nucleon in light-front quantization. In order to construct ${\cal J}^i$, first we derive expressions for the transverse rotation operators $F^i$. In the gauge $A^+=0$, we eliminate the constrained variables. In the completely gauge fixed sector, in terms of the dynamical variables, we show that one can decompose ${\cal J}^i= {\cal J}^i_I + {\cal J}^i_{II} + {\cal J}^i_{III}$ where only ${\cal J}^i_{I}$ has explicit coordinate ($x^-, x^i$) dependence in its integrand. The operators ${\cal J}^i_{II}$ and ${\cal J}^i_{III}$ arise from the fermionic and bosonic parts respectively of the gauge invariant energy momentum tensor. We discuss the implications of our results.

Item Type: Preprint
Keywords: transverse spin;Lorentz generators;light-front QCD rotation operator
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Theoretical Studies (Ceased to exist at the end of 2003)
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2004
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:13
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/832

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