ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Vortex ring and bubble interaction: Effects of bubble size on vorticity dynamics and bubble dynamics

Biswas, S and Govardhan, RN (2023) Vortex ring and bubble interaction: Effects of bubble size on vorticity dynamics and bubble dynamics. In: Physics of Fluids, 35 (8).

[img] PDF
phy_flu_35-8_2023.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (6MB) | Request a copy
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0159766


Bubbly turbulent flows involve complex interactions between bubbles and vortices, in which their size ratio plays a critical role. The present work investigates an idealization, namely, the interaction of a single air bubble with a (water) vortex ring, with the focus being on the effects of the bubble-to-vortex core size ratio ( D b / D c , o ) on the bubble and ring dynamics (Db = bubble diameter and D c , o = initial vortex core diameter). The interaction is studied for size ratio, D b / D c , o , of 0.6-1.7, over a large Weber number range from 10 to 500 W e = 0.87 � ( � / � D c , o ) 2 / ( � / D b ) , � = circulation. On the bubble dynamics side, in the initial stages of the interaction after the bubble's capture by the ring, the bubble's radial equilibrium position, its azimuthal elongation, and breakup pattern are influenced by both D b / D c , o and We. However, at longer times, the results show that the We alone decides the broken bubbles to Db ratio and scales as W e � 0.13 , which can be contrasted with the scaling of W e � 0.6 in isotropic turbulence R. Shinnar, J. Fluid Mech. 10, 259-275 (1961). On the ring dynamics side, increasing D b / D c , o leads to larger deformation of the vortex ring core at low We, and these effects are significant above a critical D b / D c , o of about 1.2. Under these conditions, the vortex core can fragment, leading to large reductions in the ring's measured convection speed and axial enstrophy, both of which follow a similar scaling, ( D b / D c , o ) 2 / W e ; the reduction in enstrophy being reminiscent of bubbly turbulent flows. These results and scalings should help us to better understand and model bubble-turbulence interactions. © 2023 Author(s).

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Physics of Fluids
Publisher: American Institute of Physics Inc.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the American Institute of Physics Inc.
Keywords: Air; Bubbles (in fluids); Turbulence; Vortex flow, reductions; Bubble dynamics; Bubble interaction; Enstrophy; Ring dynamics; Ring interactions; Scalings; Size ratio; Vortex cores; Vortex rings, Turbulent flow
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2023 10:01
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2023 10:01
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/83133

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item