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Deep-Learning-Based Visualization and Volumetric Analysis of Fluid Regions in Optical Coherence Tomography Scans

Kasireddy, HR and Kallam, UR and Mantrala, SKS and Kongara, H and Shivhare, A and Saita, J and Vijay, S and Prasad, R and Raman, R and Seelamantula, CS (2023) Deep-Learning-Based Visualization and Volumetric Analysis of Fluid Regions in Optical Coherence Tomography Scans. In: Diagnostics, 13 (16).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics13162659


Retinal volume computation is one of the critical steps in grading pathologies and evaluating the response to a treatment. We propose a deep-learning-based visualization tool to calculate the fluid volume in retinal optical coherence tomography (OCT) images. The pathologies under consideration are Intraretinal Fluid (IRF), Subretinal Fluid (SRF), and Pigmented Epithelial Detachment (PED). We develop a binary classification model for each of these pathologies using the Inception-ResNet-v2 and the small Inception-ResNet-v2 models. For visualization, we use several standard Class Activation Mapping (CAM) techniques, namely Grad-CAM, Grad-CAM++, Score-CAM, Ablation-CAM, and Self-Matching CAM, to visualize the pathology-specific regions in the image and develop a novel Ensemble-CAM visualization technique for robust visualization of OCT images. In addition, we demonstrate a Graphical User Interface that takes the visualization heat maps as the input and calculates the fluid volume in the OCT C-scans. The volume is computed using both the region-growing algorithm and selective thresholding technique and compared with the ground-truth volume based on expert annotation. We compare the results obtained using the standard Inception-ResNet-v2 model with a small Inception-ResNet-v2 model, which has half the number of trainable parameters compared with the original model. This study shows the relevance and usefulness of deep-learning-based visualization techniques for reliable volumetric analysis. © 2023 by the authors.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Diagnostics
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Authors.
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2023 04:39
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2023 04:39
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/83049

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