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Plasma-Activated Water as Nitrogen Source for Algal Growth: A Microcosm Study

Sukhani, S and Punith, N and Ekatpure, A and Salunke, G and Manjari, M and Harsha, R and Chanakya, HN and Lakshminarayana, R (2021) Plasma-Activated Water as Nitrogen Source for Algal Growth: A Microcosm Study. In: IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 49 (2). pp. 551-556.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPS.2021.3051728


Nitrogen is one of the most critical nutrients affecting algal cell biomass growth and thereby plays a crucial role in algal growth economics. Conventionally, all man-made nitrogen (N) sources are based on hydrogen derived from fossil fuels. This investigation examines the effect of a new N source, i.e., plasma-activated water (PAW), on yields of algal biomass. The N uptake rates of the algae for PAW were determined and it was compared with the conventional N sources. Four treatments of N source in duplicates were run to evaluate the potential of algae cultivation in batch microcosms (5 L). Mixotrophic algal cultures from a nearby eutrophied lake were incubated for 1 week with nitrate-N (NaNO3), nitrite-N (NaNO2), nitrate+nitrite (NaNO3+NaNO2), and PAW as sole N source in basal Bold's media. Even though the cultures were not axenic, steady increase in chlorophyll and biomass was observed for all the cases studied. The highest biomass yield was observed in nitrate-N fed cultures, at an average of 32.5 mg/( \text{L}\cdot day), followed by a combination of nitrate+nitrite [27.1 mg/( \text{L}\cdot day)], PAW-N [26.6 mg/( \text{L}\cdot day)], and nitrite-N [22.5 mg/( \text{L}\cdot day)] fed cultures. Nitrogen uptake rates were similar in all cultures studied. The highest rates observed were in nitrite-N [4.05 mg/( \text{L}\cdot day)], closely followed by PAW [3.56 mg/( \text{L}\cdot day)]. The results suggest that PAW can be utilized as a N source with pre-exposed cultures. The algal biomass yields of PAW were comparable to conventional sources although cultures with PAW showed signs of better uptake of N.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Keywords: Mixotrophic cultures; nitrogen sources; plasma; plasma-activated water (PAW)
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA)
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2023 08:06
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2023 08:06
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/83005

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