ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Electroactive microbe communication: A crucial aspect for energy generation in bio-electrochemical systems

Godbole, V and Singh, S and Ramamurthy, PC and Khan, NA and Bisht, M and Pal, MK and Singh, J and Kumar, G and Esrafili, A and Yousefi, M (2023) Electroactive microbe communication: A crucial aspect for energy generation in bio-electrochemical systems. In: Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 11 (5).

[img] PDF
jou_env_che_eng_11-5_2023.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2023.110646


The rising environmental issues have intensified research in developing microbial fuel cells (MFCs) as a green and sustainable source of energy generation. The discovery of electroactive bacteria (EABs) in the 1980 s and their application in MFCs greatly improved energy generation as they aid in transferring electrons to the anodic surface. EABs can perform extracellular electron transfer (EET), wherein microbes can use the substrate provided for growth and other metabolic processes and transfer the resultant electrons generated to the anode for energy production. EET occurs mainly by two pathways, direct pathways depend on physical contact of bacteria with the anode using outer membrane cytochromes or conductive pili and the indirect pathway using endogenous mediators like flavins and phenazines produced by bacteria or exogenous mediators added to the anolyte like conductive metallic nanoparticles or chemical mediators like methylene blue or neutral red. Also, quorum sensing and outer membrane vesicles are crucial for microbial interaction in a biofilm. A better understanding of EET pathways can help use EABs and MFCs in real-world applications. This review sheds light on the importance of biofilm development, quorum sensing, outer membrane vesicles, direct and mediated electron transfer processes, and prospects and applications in MFCs and other bio electrochemical systems.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords: Bioelectricity; Bioenergy; Electroactive bacteria (EABs); Extracellular electron transfer (EET); Microbial fuel cells.
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Interdisciplinary Centre for Water Research
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2023 09:07
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2023 09:07
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/82882

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item