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Drop size characteristics of sprays emanating from circular and non-circular orifices in the atomization regime

Rajesh, KR and Kulkarni, V and Vankeswaram, SK and Sakthikumar, R and Deivandren, S (2023) Drop size characteristics of sprays emanating from circular and non-circular orifices in the atomization regime. In: Journal of Aerosol Science, 174 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaerosci.2023.106245


Traditionally, circular orifices have been used for generating aerosols, however in recent times non-circular orifices are being considered due to their superior atomization and mixing features. In this work, we experimentally investigate spray morphology and drop size characteristics of kerosene (Jet A-1) jets issuing from three non-circular orifices geometries (elliptic, triangular and, square) and one circular orifice with the same exit cross sectional area. Our results show an unexpected and yet unreported coarsening of atomization for non-circular orifice jets quantified by an increase in the Sauter Mean Diameter (SMD) at all tested exit velocities represented by the liquid Weber number, Wel. We attribute this to two distinct spray morphologies: filament and core breakup which generate large size liquid structures identified as filaments and ligaments, noticeable in non-circular orifices jets compared to circular orifice jets. On exploring this further by undertaking a detailed examination of the drop size volume probability distribution at lower Wel corresponding to the location marking the end of primary breakup we see a bimodality due to a dominant distribution of fragments of small and larger sizes owing to the spray morphology. At higher Wel and larger distances from the injector exit we observe the bimodality converts to a unimodal distribution for all orifice jets with a single peak situated at lower drop diameters. Filament breakup is reasoned to be the cause of higher number of smaller drop sizes in triangular sprays among all non-circular orifice jets while thinner filaments in circular orifice sprays lead to smaller drop sizes compared to their triangular counterparts showing the same breakup morphology. We expect our results to help formulation of atomization strategies based on only changing the orifice geometry which heretofore have been achieved by complicated means thereby beneficially impacting applications as diverse as engine fuel combustion, pharmaceutical sprays and CO2 capture by NaOH sprays.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Aerosol Science
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords: Aerosols; Drop size distribution; Jet A-1; Mean drop size; Non-circular orifice jets
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2023 08:55
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2023 08:55
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/82876

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