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Role of leadership and incentive-based programs in addressing vaccine hesitancy in India

Afsharinia, B and Gurtoo, A (2023) Role of leadership and incentive-based programs in addressing vaccine hesitancy in India. In: Vaccine: X, 15 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvacx.2023.100346


The current study goes beyond the popular 5Cs model of vaccine hesitancy to explore perceived social norms, role of leadership and the role of incentive-based intervention for improving the likelihood of vaccination, in a population-representative sample of adults in India (N = 1129). We investigated differences in socio-demographic status, perceived descriptive norms like vaccine behaviours, beliefs, experience and perceived injunctive norms like community and political leadership within the context of the COVID-19 pandemic are related to vaccination. Further, we examined the role of incentive-based intervention as a potentially salient predictor of adults’ vaccine uptake. The study is based on a cross-sectional survey conducted in July-November 2021, which included questions about impacts of pandemic collected by phone call interview from adults’ beneficiaries of Government free food schemes, across 11 states in India. The data include 81 % vaccinated and 19 % vaccine hesitant participants, with a higher proportion of business or self-employed (53.1 %) as vaccine hesitant. We performed the t-test to assess the variation between vaccinated and vaccine hesitant adults, and Exploratory Factor Analysis to uncover the underlying dimension of vaccine hesitancy. Subsequently, Binary Logistic Regression model probed the factors associated with likelihood of vaccination uptake. In contrast to the prevailing evidence, results demonstrated community and political leadership has significant negative impact on vaccination (p-value < 0.06, 95 % CI, 0.57–1.01). Incentive-based intervention offer a vital leverage to enhance positive attitude towards vaccination (p-value < 0.05, 95 % CI, 1.01–1.80). The results thus broadly highlight the limited role of political and community leaders in leveraging their influence on vaccination, the role of timely, accurate information, applications of telemedicine as an important tool to provide healthcare and the need for optimal design of incentive-based vaccination programs recommended by trusted sources.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Vaccine: X
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Authors.
Keywords: COVID-19; Incentives; India; Leadership; Social norms; Vaccine hesitancy
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Management Studies
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2023 08:48
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2023 08:48
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/82872

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