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Modelling watershed and river basin processes in cold climate regions: A review

Wang, J and Shrestha, NK and Delavar, MA and Meshesha, TW and Bhanja, SN (2021) Modelling watershed and river basin processes in cold climate regions: A review. In: Water (Switzerland), 13 (4).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040518


Watersheds in cold regions provide water, food, biodiversity and ecosystem service. However, the increasing demand for water resources and climate change challenge our ability to provide clean freshwater. Particularly, watersheds in cold regions are more sensitive to changing climate due to their glaciers’ retreat and permafrost. This review revisits watershed system and processes. We analyze principles of watershed modelling and characteristics of watersheds in cold regions. Then, we show observed evidence of their impacts of cold processes on hydrological and biogeochemical processes and ecosystems, and review the watershed modeling and their applications in cold regions. Finally, we identify the knowledge gaps in modeling river basins according to model structures and representations of processes and point out research priorities in future model development.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Water (Switzerland)
Publisher: MDPI AG
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the author.
Keywords: Climate change; Cold climate; Modeling of river basins; Watershed modeling
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Interdisciplinary Centre for Water Research
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2023 08:55
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2023 08:55
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/82804

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