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Heli-Quad Design for Full-Attitude Fault-Tolerant Control Under Complete Failure of an Actuator

Kulkarni, E and Sundararajan, N and Sundaram, S (2023) Heli-Quad Design for Full-Attitude Fault-Tolerant Control Under Complete Failure of an Actuator. In: Unmanned Systems .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1142/S2301385024500341


This paper presents a reliable variable pitch propeller (VPP) quadcopter with a cambered airfoil propeller called Heli-quad that achieves full-attitude control under a complete failure of one actuator. The idea of employing a cambered airfoil in the propeller blade plays a pivotal role in the full attitude control under the failure of an actuator. Experimental data shows that the cambered airfoil propellers generate significantly higher torque than symmetric airfoil propellers, enabling yaw control even under a complete failure of an actuator. The theoretical analysis clearly indicates that Heli-Quad with three actuators is sufficient to provide full-attitude control. The proposed unified fault-tolerant controller consists of a outer loop position tracking controller, a proportional-derivative inner loop attitude controller, and a novel neural-network-based reconfigurable control allocation scheme that computes the actuator commands. Experimentally validated propeller aerodynamic data has been used to train the neural network. High-fidelity software-in-the-loop simulations using the SIMSCAPE environment are carried out to analyze the Heli-quad's performance. From the empirical result, the maximum tolerable delay in Fault Detection and Isolation (FDI) is 180 ms. The results indicate that even under the complete failure of one actuator, the position tracking performance of the Heli-quad is closer to nominal conditions.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Unmanned Systems
Publisher: World Scientific
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the World Scientific
Keywords: cambered airfoil; fault-tolerant control; propeller aerodynamics; quadcopter full attitude control; Variable pitch propellers
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2023 05:10
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2023 05:10
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/82743

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