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Inhibition of protein translation under matrix-deprivation stress in breast cancer cells

Warrier, S and Srinivasan, S and Chedere, A and Rangarajan, A (2023) Inhibition of protein translation under matrix-deprivation stress in breast cancer cells. In: Frontiers in Medicine, 10 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2023.1124514


Matrix-deprivation stress leads to cell-death by anoikis, whereas overcoming anoikis is critical for cancer metastasis. Work from our lab and others has identified a crucial role for the cellular energy sensor AMPK in anoikis-resistance, highlighting a key role for metabolic reprogramming in stress survival. Protein synthesis is a major energy-consuming process that is tightly regulated under stress. Although an increase in protein synthesis in AMPK-depleted experimentally-transformed MEFs has been associated with anoikis, the status and regulation of protein translation in epithelial-origin cancer cells facing matrix-detachment remains largely unknown. Our study shows that protein translation is mechanistically abrogated at both initiation and elongation stages by the activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR) pathway and inactivation of elongation factor eEF2, respectively. Additionally, we show inhibition of the mTORC1 pathway known for regulation of canonical protein synthesis. We further functionally assay this inhibition using SUnSET assay, which demonstrates repression of global protein synthesis in MDA-MB-231 and MCF7 breast cancer cells when subjected to matrix-deprivation. In order to gauge the translational status of matrix-deprived cancer cells, we undertook polysome profiling. Our data revealed reduced but continuous mRNA translation under matrix-deprivation stress. An integrated analysis of transcriptomic and proteomic data further identifies novel targets that may aid cellular adaptations to matrix-deprivation stress and can be explored for therapeutic intervention.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Frontiers in Medicine
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Frontiers Media SA.
Department/Centre: Others
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2023 05:01
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2023 05:01
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/82599

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