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State of the art of rational design of efficient mufflers

Munjal, ML and Kumar, KM (2023) State of the art of rational design of efficient mufflers. In: Noise Control Engineering Journal, 71 (3). pp. 169-179.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3397/1/377115


An efficient exhaust muffler needs to satisfy the rather conflicting requirements of adequate insertion loss (IL) with limited back pressure, weight, size and cost. The unmuffled exhaust noise of an internal combustion engine peaks at the engine firing frequency and the first few harmonics thereof. Designing the muffler (a wide-band low pass acoustical filter) for such low frequencies is quite a challenge. Therefore, design of efficient mufflers has remained an art as well as science. During the last two decades or so, however, (a) multi-hole cross-flow perforates, (b) multiply connected perforated pipes and baffles, and (c) the double-tuned, grazing-flow concentric tube resonators have emerged as promising constituent elements. In this paper, elements (a) and (c) have been combined ingeniously to synthesize efficient muffler configuration for diesel generator (DG) sets as well as automotive engines. Relatively simpler lumped parameter approximation for perforates opening into cavities, electro-acoustic analogies, and the simple expansion chamber equivalence of the double-tuned concentric tube resonator have been used to develop a rational design methodology. A novel feature of this methodology is incorporation of the given back-pressure limit into the acoustic design process. The resulting muffler configurations are robust and can be scaled up (and down) easily for IL as well as back pressure.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Noise Control Engineering Journal
Publisher: Institute of Noise Control Engineering
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Institute of Noise Control Engineering.
Keywords: Automobile engines; Design; Resonators, Back pressures; Concentric tube; Exhaust mufflers; Exhaust noise; Firing frequency; Low-pass; Rational design; Simple++; State of the art; Wide-band, Mufflers
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2023 04:59
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2023 05:45
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/82594

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