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Ameliorating effect of polyherbal formulation (Febrojith) on acute and chronic inflammatory model via inhibiting inflammation and oxidative stress

Ratheesh, M and Jose, SP and Sheethal, S and Sindhu, A and Sandya, S and Asish, A (2023) Ameliorating effect of polyherbal formulation (Febrojith) on acute and chronic inflammatory model via inhibiting inflammation and oxidative stress. In: Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 317 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2023.116824


Ethnopharmacological relevance: Inflammation is a complex biological response of the tissue to noxious stimuli, which causes several debilitating inflammatory disorders. Currently, various conventional medicines are available, but their consumption causes adverse effects, hence researchers focused on alternatives like medical herbs from natural sources, as one of the most promising sources of therapeutic agents for inflammation. Febrojith is a well-known traditional Ayurvedic formulation obtained from the treasures of Ayurveda with a unique blend of herbs that are used effectively in preventing and combating a broad spectrum of infections, fevers, and also enhancing immunity for many years. However, its anti-inflammatory, efficacy and underlying mechanism remained unexplored. Aim of the study: In the present study, we investigated the chemical characterization and in vivo anti-inflammatory efficacy of Febrojith (FB) on acute and chronic inflammatory models via inhibiting inflammation and oxidative stress. Materials and methods: FB was analyzed for chemical characterization & its phytoconstituents by UV–Vis spectrum, FT-IR, and GC-MS analysis. The anti-inflammatory activity of FB was studied on carrageenan-induced acute and adjuvant-induced chronic experimental models. The inflammatory cytokines and mediators were measured using the ELISA & Colorimetry techniques. Histopathology and cytology of paw tissue and synovium were analyzed by H&E and Papanicolau's (PAP)-staining methods. Results: 100 mg/kg bwt was found to be a potent dose from the carrageenan model and evaluated its effect in the adjuvant-induced chronic arthritic model. In the chronic model, 84% of edema inhibition was observed at the dose of 100 mg/kg bwt. Moreover, the supplementation of FB was shown to significantly (p ≤ 0.05) decrease the TBARS level and activity of myeloperoxidase in the paw tissue. In addition, adjuvant-induced production of various pro-inflammatory cytokines like TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, PGE2, NO and COX-2 were suppressed in inflamed rats subjected to FB supplementation. It also revealed that FB supplementation significantly (p ≤ 0.05) reduced the haematological markers. From the histopathology and cytological analysis, we found a reduction in the edema formation, and infiltration of inflammatory cells after the supplementation of FB. Conclusion: In conclusion, FB might be used as an effective and potent drug against inflammation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Publisher: Elsevier Ireland Ltd
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Keywords: Cyclooxygenase; Inflammation; Nitric oxide; Pro-inflammatory cytokines; Prostaglandin E2
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2023 06:53
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2023 06:53
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/82485

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