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Interface Engineering in Perylene Diimide-Based Organic Photovoltaics with Enhanced Photovoltage

Mohapatra, AA and Pranav, M and Yadav, S and Gangadharappa, C and Wu, J and Labanti, C and Wolansky, J and Benduhn, J and Kim, J-S and Durrant, J and Patil, S (2023) Interface Engineering in Perylene Diimide-Based Organic Photovoltaics with Enhanced Photovoltage. In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 15 (21). pp. 25224-25231.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.3c02003


The introduction of nonfullerene acceptors (NFA) facilitated the realization of high-efficiency organic solar cells (OSCs); however, OSCs suffer from relatively large losses in open-circuit voltage (VOC) as compared to inorganic or perovskite solar cells. Further enhancement in power conversion efficiency requires an increase in VOC. In this work, we take advantage of the high dipole moment of twisted perylene-diimide (TPDI) as a nonfullerene acceptor (NFA) to enhance the VOC of OSCs. In multiple bulk heterojunction solar cells incorporating TPDI with three polymer donors (PTB7-Th, PM6 and PBDB-T), we observed a VOC enhancement by modifying the cathode with a polyethylenimine (PEIE) interlayer. We show that the dipolar interaction between the TPDI NFA and PEIE─enhanced by the general tendency of TPDI to form J-aggregates─plays a crucial role in reducing nonradiative voltage losses under a constant radiative limit of VOC. This is aided by comparative studies with PM6:Y6 bulk heterojunction solar cells. We hypothesize that incorporating NFAs with significant dipole moments is a feasible approach to improving the VOC of OSCs.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the American Chemical Society.
Keywords: dipolar interaction; interface engineering; nonfullerene acceptors; organic photovoltaics; perylene diimide
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2023 09:46
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2023 09:46
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/82421

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