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Depleted mineralization of pesticides on soil microbial diversity

Angurana, R and Shehata, N and Katoch, V and Kaur, H and Raina, TK and Singh, S and Ramamurthy, PC and Dhanjal, DS and Singh, J (2023) Depleted mineralization of pesticides on soil microbial diversity. [Book Chapter]

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-91900-5.00017-5


The biodegradation of pesticides in plants and micro-organisms is critical for the development of new pesticides, the safe and effective use of existing pesticides, and the bioremediation of contaminated soils and water. For chemical pest management to succeed, nontarget species (such as crop plants) must be selectively metabolically intoxicated while target species (such as weeds, insects, and disease pests) need to be sensitive. Biotransformation of pesticides is caused by metabolism or cometabolism, among other factors. Metabolic processes involving pesticides in plants and micro-organisms tend to be multistep in nature. The oxidation, reduction, hydrolysis, and conjugation processes are just a few examples of such degradation/detoxification processes. The chemical structure of a xenobiotic compound, as well as the genetic makeup, environmental variables, and metabolic factors that affect the expression of different biochemical pathways, all influence pathway diversity. These enzymatic activities have contributed to improvements in pesticide science, particularly in those relating to the mechanism of action, resistance, selectivity, tolerance, and environmental fate, among other things. Herbicide-tolerant crops are one recent advance. Pesticide metabolism has been enhanced by changes in analytical techniques, molecular biology approaches, and immunological instruments.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Publication: Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Pesticides: Human Health, Environmental Impacts and Management
Series.: 978-032391900-5, 978-032391645-5
Publisher: Elsevier
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: Bioavailability; Biotransformation; Mechanism; Microbes; Molecular approaches
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Interdisciplinary Centre for Water Research
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2023 16:15
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2023 16:15
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/82123

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