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Energy and economic nexus of seaweeds

Ramachandra, TV and Hebbale, D (2022) Energy and economic nexus of seaweeds. [Book Chapter]

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-91955-9_27


Macroalgae (or seaweeds), are multicellular, photosynthetic algae growing predominantly in marine environment by attaching to suitable substrate. Biomass are composed of structural and storage carbohydrates that have varied multi-functional properties and are exploited in the form of food, medicines, cosmetics and energy. Sustainable utilization of macroalgal biomass for biofuel production has attracted a lot of attention in recent times and has been emerging as potential sustainable alternative to the conventional gasoline-based fuel. This chapter introduces macroalgal structure, habitat, physiology, biochemical composition followed by the global distribution of macroalgal resources and the state-of-the-art technology involved in the conversion of macroalgal biomass for production of biofuel and the constraints encountered in these conversion technologies as well as opportunities to establish a macroalgae based biorefinery. Concluding section discusses, availability of macroalgal resources along East and West coast of India and economic prospects of seaweed for biofuel production.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Publication: Sustainable Global Resources Of Seaweeds Volume 1: Bioresources , cultivation, trade and multifarious applications
Publisher: Springer International Publishing
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Springer International Publishing
Keywords: Bioethanol; Biofuel; Biorefinery; Fermentation; Hydrolysis; Macroalgae; Sustainable energy
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Center for Infrastructure, Sustainable Transportation and Urban Planning (CiSTUP)
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2023 05:40
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2023 05:40
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/81918

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