ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Syntaxin 3 SPI-2 dependent crosstalk facilitates the division of Salmonella containing vacuole

Chatterjee, R and Nair, AV and Singh, A and Mehta, N and Setty, SRG and Chakravortty, D (2023) Syntaxin 3 SPI-2 dependent crosstalk facilitates the division of Salmonella containing vacuole. In: Traffic .

[img] PDF
tra_2023.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (17MB) | Request a copy
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/tra.12887


Intracellular membrane fusion is mediated by membrane-bridging complexes of soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors (SNAREs). SNARE proteins are one of the key players in vesicular transport. Several reports shed light on intracellular bacteria modulating host SNARE machinery to establish infection successfully. The critical SNAREs in macrophages responsible for phagosome maturation are Syntaxin 3 (STX3) and Syntaxin 4 (STX4). Reports also suggest that Salmonella actively modulates its vacuole membrane composition to escape lysosomal fusion. Salmonella containing vacuole (SCV) harbours recycling endosomal SNARE Syntaxin 12 (STX12). However, the role of host SNAREs in SCV biogenesis and pathogenesis remains unclear. Upon knockdown of STX3, we observed a reduction in bacterial proliferation, which is concomitantly restored upon the overexpression of STX3. Live-cell imaging of Salmonella-infected cells showed that STX3 localises to the SCV membranes and thus might help in the fusion of SCV with intracellular vesicles to acquire membrane for its division. We also found the interaction STX3-SCV was abrogated when we infected with SPI-2 encoded Type 3 secretion system (T3SS) apparatus mutant (STM ∆ssaV) but not with SPI-1 encoded T3SS apparatus mutant (STM ∆invC). These observations were also consistent in the mice model of Salmonella infection. Together, these results shed light on the effector molecules secreted through T3SS encoded by SPI-2, possibly involved in interaction with host SNARE STX3, which is essential to maintain the division of Salmonella in SCV and help to maintain a single bacterium per vacuole. © 2023 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Traffic
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons Inc.
Keywords: Salmonella pathogenicity island; SCV; SCV biogenesis and proliferation; SNARE; STX3
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2023 10:38
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2023 10:38
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/81910

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item